Antibiotic prophylaxis for dental procedure

March 24, 2012 | By | Reply More

Antibiotic prophylaxis for dental procedure

Antibiotic prophylaxis recommended for-
1. Dental extraction
2.Periodontal procedure including surgery, scaling and root planning
3.Dental implant placement
4.Root canal instrumentation beyond apex
5. Initial placement of orthodontic band but not brackets
6. Intra-ligamentary La injection

Guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis

adults dose:
A. Amoxicillin: 2000mg orally 1 hour before procedure

B. Ampicillin: 2000mg IM or IV route 30 minutes before procedure

C. Allergy to Penicillin case:

1. Cephalexin: 2000mg orally 1 hour before procedure
2. Azithromycin: 500mg orally 1 hour before procedure

child dose :

upto 10 years : half of adult dose

below 5 years : ¼ th of adult dose

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Category: Dental, Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery

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