Basic principles of class 1 cavity preparation for amalgam | PPT | Download

December 17, 2012 | By | Reply More

Basic principles of class 1 cavity preparation for amalgam | PPT | Download

Power Point Presentation | lecture slide | conservative Dentistry

Size: 693 KB



Principles Rationale
I. OUTLINE FORM – Smooth flowing, regular curves.
Angular irregularities in the outline are susceptible to fracture during condensation – a smooth flowing outline is easier to visualize and carve following condensation.

II. EXTENSIONS – Conservation of tooth structure is the basis for all cavity preparations in order to preserve the strength of the tooth.

However, sufficient extension of cavity preparations is necessary to ensure access (convenience form) for instrumentation, removal of defective tooth structure, insertion and finish of the restorative material, and maintenance of the restoration (prevention).
A.Extensions circumscribe:
1.  Caries and    decalcifications
2. Enamel unsupported by sound dentin
3. Pits and fossae
4. Major fissures and grooves
5. Existing restorations
eliminates defective tooth structure and eliminates areas (pits, fissures, etc.) which are susceptible to recurrent caries and facilities oral hygiene procedures (extension for prevention).
B.Bucco – lingual extension
1. Extend fully in areas of buccal and lingual grooves to terminate on smooth surfaces.
to  allow a smooth tooth-restoration margin to be created (easier to finish and keep clean).
2. Extend minimally in areas of triangular ridges (optimal isthmus width is ¼ intercuspal distance or less) terminating on smooth surfaces.
to preserve the strength and function of the cups while eliminating susceptible grooves or defective tooth structure (must be wide enough to allow condensation).
C.Mesio-distal extension
1. Stop short of the    marginal ridge crest.
to preserve strength of marginal ridges.
2. Parallel the contour of the marginal ridge
to preserve a uniform bulk (strength) to the mariginal ridges.
3.Groove extensions are kept narrow (mesio-distally) where possible (consistent with access for condensation and outline form), terminating on smooth tooth structure.
to preserve strength of cusps while eliminating susceptible grooves and/or defective tooth structure (must be at least as wide as the narrowest condenser).
4. If marginal ridge is unsupported or very thin it should be included, resulting in a Class II preparation.
If not included the marginal ridge may fail (amalgam will be stronger than the unsupported enamel)
A. Depth = ½ mm into dentin (approx. 2 mm measured at triangular ridges).
Minimum depth is required to provide sufficient bulk to prevent fracture and retain the amalgam.
B. Pulpal floor
1. Smooth and flat
Uniform thickness of restorative material.
2. Parallel to the occlusal plane
resists occlusal stress (resistance form) and forces of condensation.
C. Buccal and lingual walls
1.  Smooth and curved mesio-distally.
2. Smooth and straight pulpo-occlusally.
Facilitates adaptation of amalgam and elimination of weak tooth structure.
3. Converge slightly pulpo-occlusally in areas of triangular ridges (60).
To provide mechanical lock or retention to the occlusal portion and crate bulk at the margins.
4.Diverge slightly pulpo-occlusally in buccal and lingual groove extensions (60).
protects buccal and lingual surfaces from being undermined (RESISTANCE FORM).
D. Mesial and distal wall
1. Smooth and straight
facilitates adaptation of amalgam and elimination of weal tooth structure.
2. Diverges slightly pulpo-occlusally (forms an obtuse angle with pulpal floor).
protects marginal ridge form being undermined or weakened (enamel must be supported be dentin)
A. Pulpo-occlusal line angle is well defined (no point angles are present) and follows general configuration of cavosurface outline.
increases retention of the amalgam restoration and preparation is more easily visualized.
B. Cavosurface margins
1. Sharp (well defined)
easier to visualize and carve
2. Sound (well supported)
provides marginal integrity.
C. Cleanliness – cavity is free of debris and moisture.
facilitates adaptation of amalgam to the cavity and improves the physical properties of the restoration by elimination of void or foreign material.
A. Rubber dam is intact
preserves isolation, eliminates moisture.
B. Adjacent tooth structure and restorations are intact
conservation of tooth structure.
C. Adjacent soft tissue (perio-dontium) is intact
prevention of post-operative pain and inflammation.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Category: Dental, Powerpoint

WARNING: Any unauthorised use or reproduction of content for commercial or any purposes is strictly prohibited and constitutes copyright infringement liable to legal action.