Candidiasis – Definition, Etiology, Classification, Laboratory tests, Differential diagnosis

September 4, 2011 | By | Reply More

Candidiasis – Definition, Etiology, Classification, Laboratory tests, Differential diagnosis

Definition:

Candidiasis is the most common oral fungal infection. Over the last two decades, the disease has taken on major importance.

Etiology:

1. It is usually caused by Candida albicans
2. less frequently by other fungal species ( C krusei, C tropicalis, C glabrata, C parapsilosis, C pseudotropicalis, and C guilliermondii may in rare cases be causative pathogens)

3. Predisposing factors are-

local :

  • poor oral hygiene,
  •  xerostomia,
  • mucosal damage,
  • dentures,
  • antibiotic
  •  mouthwashes

systemic :

  • broad-spectrum antibiotics,
  • steroids,
  • immunosuppressive drugs,
  • radiation,
  •  HIV infection,
  • hematological malignancies,
  • neutropenia,
  • iron-deficiency anemia,
  • cellular immunodeficiency,
  • endocrine disorders.

Classification :Oral candidiasis classification

A. Systemic

Mucocutaneous (oral, facial, skin, scalp, phalangeal skin, nails)

Familial

Syndrome associated

Disseminated

B. Local

 Pseudomembranous

 Atrophic

Hyperplastic

32

33

34

35

Laboratory tests:

  • Cytology and
  • tissue culture examination
  • biopsy only in chronic cases

 

Differential diagnosis

  • Leukoplakia,
  •  hairy leukoplakia,
  • lichen planus,
  • syphilitic mucous patches,
  • white sponge nevus,
  • chemical and traumatic lesions,
  • cinnamon contact stomatitis,
  • lupus erythematosus.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Category: Dental, Oral Pathology

WARNING: Any unauthorised use or reproduction of  www.neuronarc.com content for commercial or any purposes is strictly prohibited and constitutes copyright infringement liable to legal action.