RSSCategory: Oral Pathology

Aphthous Stomatitis/ Aphthous ulcers/ Canker sores

Aphthous Stomatitis/ Aphthous ulcers/ Canker sores

Aphthous Stomatitis Clinical features: Aphthous ulcers are divided into two types: minor and major. Minor aphthous ulcers appear as single discrete ulcers or in groups of two or more. They are characteristically found on the free movable oral mucosa rather than the attached mucosa. The formed ulcers are discrete with a white-yellow base, which is […]

November 30, 2012 | By | Reply More
Erythema Multiforme: Causes, Pathology, Clinical features, Treatment

Erythema Multiforme: Causes, Pathology, Clinical features, Treatment

Erythema Multiforme Erythema multiforme is an acute or subacute self-limiting disease that involves the skin and mucous membranes. Etiology The aetiology is not clear and though the disease may be reaction to a variety of causes, no convincing mechanism has been proposed. Infections, particularly herpetic, can be triggering factors. Drugs, particularly sulphonamides and barbiturates, have […]

November 30, 2012 | By | Reply More
Pemphigus Vulgaris: Clinical features, Pathology, Differential diagnosis, Treatment

Pemphigus Vulgaris: Clinical features, Pathology, Differential diagnosis, Treatment

Pemphigus Vulgaris Pemphigus vulgaris is a severe chronic bullous B-cell-mediated autoimmune disease in which autoantibodies develop into antigens within the desmosome-tonofilament junction of the intercellular bridges. Such autoantibodies fix complement and initiate inflammation, which causes a suprabasilar split (intraepithelial blister) as the primary pathogenesis. Etiology Autoimmunity. Desmoglein 1 and 3 are the main target antigens. […]

November 30, 2012 | By | Reply More
Squamous Papilloma (Benign Epithelial Tumors of Mucosa)

Squamous Papilloma (Benign Epithelial Tumors of Mucosa)

Squamous Papilloma Clinical features: Squamous papillomas are common lesions of the oral mucosa with a predilection for the mucosa of the hard and soft palate, including the uvula and the vermilion of the lips. It is an innocuous lesion that is neither transmissible nor threatening. As an oral lesion, it raises concern because of its […]

November 23, 2012 | By | Reply More
Inflammatory Fibrous Hyperplasia – Inflammatory papillomatosis

Inflammatory Fibrous Hyperplasia – Inflammatory papillomatosis

Inflammatory Fibrous Hyperplasia – Inflammatory papillomatosis Clinical features: The hard palate and maxillary gingiva are by far the most common sites but papillomatosis may occasionally be seen in other areas In almost all cases, it is associated with an ill-fitting denture. The palatal vault is commonly involved and it has a granular, multinodular appearance that […]

November 23, 2012 | By | Reply More
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia/ Periapical cemental dysplasia

Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia/ Periapical cemental dysplasia

Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia/ Periapical cemental dysplasia Clinical presentation: Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia refers to an asymptomatic set of lesions that forms around the apex of mostly mandibular, vital anterior teeth. Also rarely, the condition is seen in the anterior maxilla. They are asymptomatic but can be seen early in radiographs, as rounded radiolucent areas related to […]

November 23, 2012 | By | Reply More
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