Drug sources from microorganism

May 25, 2012 | By | Reply More

Drug sources from microorganism

The different classes of drugs obtained/ isolated from microbes are:
• Penicillin: Penicillium chrysogenum and notatum (Fungus).
• Streptomycin: Streptomyces griseus (Actino-mycetes).
• Erythromycin: Streptomyces erythreus (Actinomycetes).
• Chloramphenicol: Streptomyces venezuelae (Actinomycetes).
• Tetracyclines: Streptomyces aureofaciens and rimosus (Actinomycetes).
• Polymyxin B: Bacillus polymyxa.
• Bacitracin: Bacillus subtilis.
• Nystatin: Streptomyces nouresi.
• Griseofulvin: Penicillium griseofulvum.

Apart from various other antibiotics obtained from microorganisms, there are other products that are also produced by microorganisms. They are:
• Streptokinase, an enzyme from gram positive cocci (Streptococcus pyogenes).
• Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin): Streptomyces griseus.


Category: Pharmacology

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