Eruption Cyst: Definition, Etiology, Clinical features, Differential diagnosis, Treatment of Eruption Cyst

October 1, 2011 | By | Reply More

Eruption Cyst: Definition, Etiology, Clinical features, Differential diagnosis, Treatment of Eruption Cyst

Definition: Eruption cyst is a soft-tissue formof dentigerous cyst and is associated with an erupting deciduous or permanent tooth.

Etiology: Separation of the dental follicle fromaround the crown of the tooth.

Clinical features:

  • It presents as a well-demarcated, fluctuant, and soft swelling directly overlying the crown of an erupting tooth.
  • Usually, the color is blue or dark red, depending on the amount of blood in the cystic fluid.
  • The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of clinical criteria.

Laboratory tests: Histopathological examination.

Differential diagnosis:

  • Hematoma,
  • hemangioma,
  • amalgam tattoo,
  • pigmented nevi,
  • melanoma,
  • melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy.

Treatment: Usually not required, as the cyst often ruptures spontaneously.

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Category: Dental, Oral Pathology

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