Functions of Anterior Pituitary Hormones

April 19, 2012 | By | Reply More

Functions of Anterior Pituitary Hormones

Growth Hormone (GH)
Action: growth of skeletal muscles and long bones; maintains size
Target:  bone and muscle
Prolactin (PRL)
Action: Stimulates and maintains milk production following childbirth
Target:  mammary tissue
Function in males is unknown
Action: Regulates endocrine activity of the adrenal cortex
Target:  Cells of adrenal cortex
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Action: Influences growth and activity of the thyroid gland
Target:  cells of the thyroid gland
Gonadotropic hormones
Target:  male/female gonads
Action: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Action: Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • Triggers ovulation in females
  • Causes ruptured follicle to become the corpus luteum in females
  • Stimulates testosterone production in males (ICSH)


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Category: Anatomy, Medical, Physiology

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