MPDS (Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome) – Causes and Clinical Features

May 29, 2012 | By | Reply More

MPDS (Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome) – Causes and Clinical Features

Causes / Etiology:
It is a chronic psychosomatic disease. So the etiology may be somatic or psychological origin-
1. Somatic cause:
• Occlusal disharmony
• Posterior edentulous jaw especially mandibular
• Decreased vertical height
• Micro trauma: bruxism, cuspal interference
• Some disease procedure: osteoarthritis
2. Psychological cause:
• Anxiety
• Tension
• Depression
• Sleep disturbance

Clinical features:
1. Pain:
• Initially very minimum, dull pain.
• Day by day pain is converted to moderate to severe continuous pain.
2. Decreased range of mouth opening gradually
3. Jaw stiffness especially in morning
4. Clicking sound
5. In severe case, facial asymmetry
6. Behavioral change

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Category: Oral Pathology

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