Peripheral Giant-Cell Granuloma| Definition , Etiology , Clinical features, Investigation, Differential diagnosis, Treatment

September 18, 2011 | By | Reply More

Peripheral Giant-Cell Granuloma| Definition , Etiology , Clinical features, Investigation, Differential diagnosis, Treatment

Definition
•Peripheral giant-cell granuloma is a relatively uncommon reactive tumor of the oral cavity.
Etiology
•Local irritation or trauma.
• It is thought to arise from a periodontal ligament or periosteum
Picture4 Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma | ppt
Peripheral giant-cell granuloma: early lesion on the gingiva.
Picture5 Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma | ppt
Peripheral giant-cell granuloma of the maxilla.
Picture6 Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma | ppt
Peripheral giant cell granuloma of the upper gingiva.
Clinical features
•The lesion occurs exclusively on the gingiva or edentulous alveolar ridge.
•It typically presents as a well-circumscribed sessile or pedunculated mass, dark red in color, which hemorrhages easily and may or may not be ulcerated (Figs. ).
•The lesion is relatively elastic on palpation, and the size ranges from 0.5 cmto 2 cmin diameter.
•It may occur at any age, and is more common in females.
Laboratory tests
•Histopathological examination.
Differential diagnosis
•Pyogenic granuloma,
•peripheral ossifying fibroma,
•brown giant-cell tumor of hyperparathyroidism,
•Kaposi sarcoma.
•Surgical excision.

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Category: Dental, Oral Pathology, Oral Surgery

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