Ptyalism : definition, causes and treatment of ptyalism

April 19, 2012 | By | Reply More

Ptyalism : definition, causes and treatment of ptyalism

Definition: It is an excessive salivation seen in patients.


1. Local cause:
a. Pathological condition: ANUG, Apthous ulcer, Herpetic ulcer
b. Presence of foreign body: New denture, ill fitting denture, probe and mirror

2. CNS disorder:
a. Mental retardation
b. Parkinsonism
c. Cerebral palsy
d. Epilepsy

3. Toxicity:
Metal and iron poisoning

4. Drug:
Lithium, Cholinergic agonist

Treatment :
1. Removal of cause
2. If any foreign body is present then removal of the cause
3. Antihistamine or atropine sulphate for decreasing the salivary flow.


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Category: Dental, Oral Pathology

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