Ranula: Definition, Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis, D/D, Rx of ranula

September 11, 2011 | By | Reply More

Ranula: Definition, Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis, D/D, Rx of ranula

Definition :

Ranula is a form of mucocele that occurs exclusively on the floor of the mouth.

Etiology :

The most common cause of ranula formation is Trauma or ductal obstruction.

Clinical features :

  • It presents as a smooth, fluctuant, painless swelling.
  • They are usually unilateral.
  • Frog belly like swelling.
  • Overlying mucosa is normal in appearance.
  • Sites: on the floor of the mouth, lateral to the midline.
  • Color: ranges from normal to a translucent bluish,
  • Size: is usually in the range of 1–3 cm or larger.
  • Consistency: soft
  • The diagnosis is usually based on clinical criteria.

 

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Laboratory tests: 

Histopathological examination.

 Differential diagnosis:

  • dermoid cyst,
  • abscess,
  • hemangioma,
  • lymphangioma,
  • lymphoepithelial cyst.

 Treatment:

  • Surgical removal or
  • Marsupialization.
  • Intralesional injection of corticosteroids.

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Category: Dental, Medical, Oral Pathology, Surgery

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