Salivary Glands and their location
The three major pairs of salivary glands are the parotid glands, the submandibular glands, and the sublingual glands. They empty their secretions (saliva) into the oral cavity.
The functions of saliva are cleansing, lubricating, promoting taste, and converting starches into simple sugar. The consistency, chemical composition, and rate of flow of saliva are contributing factors to potential diseases or abnormalities.
a. Parotid Glands. These glands are the largest of the three salivary glands. They are located on each side of the face just below and in front of the ear.
b. Submandibular Glands. These glands are located in the floor of the mouth behind and somewhat below the body of the mandible, just forward of the angle of the jaw.
c. Sublingual Glands. These glands are the smallest of the three salivary glands. They are located just below the mucous membrane in the floor of the mouth, beneath the lateral aspects of the tongue.