Scurvy | Definition , Etiology , Clinical features, Investigation, Differential diagnosis, Treatment

September 18, 2011 | By | Reply More

Scurvy | Definition , Etiology , Clinical features, Investigation, Differential diagnosis, Treatment

Definition
Scurvy is a rare systemic nutritional disorder that primarily affects the gingiva, skin, hair, nails, muscles, and joints.
Etiology
•Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency
Picture1 Scurvy | ppt
Scurvy, swelling, and redness of the gingiva
Clinical features
  • The oral manifestations consist of generalized swelling and redness of the marginal and the interdental gingiva, followed by gingival bleeding, ulceration, and tooth mobility (Fig. ).
  • Petechiae, ecchymoses, spontaneous hemorrhage, and delayed wound healing are commonly seen, both orally and systemically.
Laboratory tests
  • Measurement of ascorbic acid in the blood
Differential diagnosis
  • Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis,
  • herpetic gingivitis,
  • leukemia,
  • agranulocytosis,
  • thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Vitamin C replacement

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Category: Dental, Medicine, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology

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