Selection & Arrangement of Teeth for RPD & The Denture Base PPT

November 17, 2011 | By | Reply More

Selection & Arrangement of Teeth for RPD & The Denture Base PPT

Selection & Arrangement of Teeth for RPD & The Denture Base PPT

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 Selection & Arrangement of Teeth for RPD & The Denture Base PPT

McCracken’s RP Prosthodontics, Chapter 9; pages 161 – 164

Stewart’s Clinical Removable Prosthodontics, pages 384 – 394 & 94 – 99

Selecting the Artificial Teeth

While selecting the replacement teeth, the clinician must carefully consider the esthetic and functional requirements of the patient, the structural requirements of the RPD and the materials to be used in prosthesis construction.

Types of Replacement teeth

Commercially available acrylic resin teeth (Ant. & Post.)

Commercially available porcelain teeth (Ant. & Post.)

Commercially available composite resin teeth (Ant. & Post.)

These are usually used with acrylic resin denture bases.

Tube teeth / braided posts (small Posterior spaces)

Metal pontics with / without facing (limited inter-arch Posterior space)

  • Selecting the Anterior Denture Teeth

The artificial denture teeth are available in any shape or size and color.

These can also be individualized to improve esthetics by staining and by placing restorations.

  • Selecting the Anterior Denture Teeth ‘the material’

Because of their greater ease of placement, acceptable esthetics, and decreased danger of fracture, acrylic resin teeth are commonly used in RPD service than the porcelain teeth.

  • Selecting the Anterior Denture Teeth

Contra-indications for Acrylic resin Tooth:

Single tooth replacement on an RPD.

  • Mold & Shade Selection

Shade selection:

Guide is always provided by the manufacturer

Guide should be moistened before using.

Selection should be made under natural light  where possible.

Match the shade to the remaining natural teeth.

Obtain the shade as quickly as possible

  • Mold & Shade Selection

Mold Selection:    Selected as close to the remaining natural teeth

as possible and then modified to match by

selective grinding.

For all anterior missing teeth – Use C.D guidelines

  • Guidelines for Setting Anterior Teeth

1. Replace the acrylic resin record base attached to the framework with the base-plate wax base.

2. Set the Central Incisor first if the teeth are missing across the midline to reestablish the midline.

3. If required – reshape the ridge lap portion of the artificial tooth without shortening the clinical crown length substantially.

4. Place the teeth as nearly as possible where the original natural tooth was located.

5. Proximal surface of the artificial tooth may need to be recontoured for better adaptation to the adjacent natural tooth, without loosing its morphology.

6. The denture base flanges should be carefully contoured & smoothed. Remove the excess wax from the teeth and the framework.

Some Problems Encountered while Setting the Anterior Teeth

  • Anterior Denture Teeth Set-up

Problem: Narrow Space Mesio-distally.

Cause:  Tilting or drifting of the adjacent

teeth into the space.


1. Avoid this situation by immediate replacement dentures.

2. Regain the original width by reshaping the proximal surfaces of adjacent natural teeth.

  • Anterior Denture Teeth Set-up

Problem: Narrow Space Mesio-distally.

3. Overlap arrangement of the artificial  teeth of proper size.

4. Use narrower teeth than the adjacent teeth – with poor esthetics.

  • Anterior Denture Teeth Set-up

Problem: Excessive Loss of Residual Ridge.

Cause:    Poor surgery at the time of tooth extractions or enhanced ridge


Solution:  Place the artificial teeth in their natural position. Acrylic resin flange

should be built to the desired thickness to support the artificial teeth

and to restore symmetry and contour of the lips.

  • Anterior Denture Teeth Set-up

Problem: Bulbous, too full, large edentulous ridge.

Cause:                Naturally bulbous ridge, poor surgery, or minimal resorption

of the alveolar process post extraction.

Solution: Artificial tooth is butted directly over the ridge.

No labial flange is added to avoid plumping the lip and affect esthetics.

  • Posterior RPD Teeth
  • Selection & Arrangement
  • Mold Selection for the Posterior teeth

The tooth size, or mold, is generally dictated by the size of the edentulous space, however, following guidelines may be followed,

For an RPD replacing all posterior teeth, complete denture guidelines should be applied for the selection of posterior teeth, e.g., distance from the distal surface of the natural Canine to the upward incline of the ramus or mesial aspect of maxillary tuberosity.

  • Mold Selection for the Posterior teeth

Occluso-gingival height of the denture tooth should match with the adjacent natural tooth for good esthetics.

Re-contouring the ridge lap portion of the tooth can be done so that a thin veneer of plastic tooth at the gingival margin remains that can be butted against the edentulous ridge.

  • Posterior Denture Teeth

1. should fit into the available edentulous space.

2. should be harmonious in composition, size, and occlusal anatomy with the opposing teeth. Adjacent teeth should guide the artificial teeth in their correct bucco-lingual position.

3. the type or number of artificial teeth may differ from the type and number of missing teeth – if drifting of abutment teeth has occurred.

4. acrylic resin teeth are commonly used due to their ease of reshaping and adjusting occlusion without weakening. These can oppose enamel & gold surfaces without abrading them.

Alternatively, gold occlusal surfaces can also be fabricated.

5. The use of Porcelain teeth in RPD construction is rare as these must only oppose porcelain surfaces.

  • Setting Posterior Teeth


As a rule – achieving classic pattern of intercuspation of opposing teeth should be attempted.

In order to duplicate the occlusal anatomy of the opposing natural teeth, set the posterior denture teeth slightly higher in occlusion (by opening the incisal pin by 0.5 mm) and then re-establishing the OVD by selective grinding.

Positioning the denture tooth adjacent to the abutment having a clasp or a Minor Conn. usually requires,

  1. trimming of the proximal surface and the ridge lap portion of tooth carefully – Not to over-reduce the height of the buccal surface for esthetic reasons.

b.  The tooth should first be adjusted to fit the cast without framework and then readjusted after placing the framework on the cast.

The remaining teeth should then be positioned in maximum intercuspation. Some occlusal adjustment or leaving small spacing between two denture teeth may be necessary.

For the mandibular posterior teeth, central groove should be placed over the crest of the ridge.

The use of non-anatomic teeth for RPDs is seldom indicated.

After establishing good centric occlusal contacts, lateral and protrusive contacts of the posterior teeth during function should also be developed by moving the semi-adjustable in use.

Developing Functional Contacts

The desired occlusal contacts for RPD vary according to the class of partially edentulous arch, e.g.,

Simultaneous bilateral occlusal contacts in C.O or C.R on artificial as well as the natural teeth for all types of RPD.
Developing Functional Contacts

For class III RPDs, existing canine protected occlusion should be maintained. Group function occlusion can be provided if the remaining teeth exhibit this occlusion.

Developing Functional Contacts

For an RPD opposing a CD, bilateral balanced occlusion in centric and all eccentric positions is desired.

Developing Functional Contacts

For bilateral distal extension RPD (class I), both working and nonworking side natural and artificial teeth should contact simultaneously during function. Whereas, for a class II denture only working side contacts are desired.

Developing Functional Contacts

For a class IV RPD, no or light contact of opposing natural teeth should be provided only in C.O either on acrylic resin teeth or denture base.

  • Waxing-up RPD for Wax Try-in

The denture flanges should be contoured and smoothed to provide a pleasing appearance. The distal extension saddle areas should

be maximally covered for better soft tissue support.

The waxed up denture flanges should not be extended into the soft tissue undercuts.

The gingival contouring should harmonize with the adjacent natural teeth and should be self cleansing.

Excess wax should be removed from the cast and the framework.

  • Attaching Artificial Teeth to the Framework

Types of RPD Bases

  • Acrylic resin Base
  • Metal Base

Attaching Artificial Teeth to the Framework

Types of RPD Bases

         Acrylic resin Base:

where the future need for relining or rebasing is anticipated, i.e., Kennedy’s class I & II or h / o recent extractions.

  • Attaching Artificial Teeth to the Framework

Types of RPD Bases

Metal Base:   Kennedy’s class III & IV or small edentulous areas.


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